ibiza's "city of the dead" was erected by the carthaginians
Now known as Puig des Molins, thanks to the windmills (molins) perched atop the hill it’s situated on, this elaborate cemetery is one of the largest in the world, housing up to 4000 tombs from all over the Mediterranean. Stemming from an Ancient Greek name that literally translated means ‘City of the Dead’, the necropolis spreads across three staggered levels over an area of 10,000 metres squared. Typically for this period, the living and the dead remain within close proximity of each other, so the necropolis lies just 500 metres west of the Puig de Vila, and it’s here that the Carthaginians laid the deceased to rest while continuing with daily life within the wall’s limits.
Throughout its existence, the necropolis experienced periods of tremendous growth. During the Punic times, from the 6th century until the middle of the 4th century BC, for instance, it expanded to include an area of over five hectares, reaching far beyond what is visible to us today. As more people arrived, naturally the number of deaths increased, and with them came burials drenched in tradition, designed to help the dead seamlessly transition to the next life. For this reason, many tombs were adorned with objects and utensils that were believed to help in this task – some of which are still visible in the onsite museum today.